excessive forest thinning

Angel Fire Wildfire Protection Plan Recommendation

Angel Fire Village – Voluntary Dead Diseased and Down policy

Continue to Educate the Public on Fire Mitigation, Home Ignition Zone/Defensible Space, and encourage a Dead Diseased and Down Village policy. This same Dead Diseased and Down policy applies to all undeveloped lots, including those acquired in the future.

 The below 9-7-13 Fuel Modification Feb 2014 Version (with mark ups) applies as Angel Fire Village Ordinance but to ‘New Construction’ only.

This policy is recommended to current residents, but the decision is made by the property owner. Property owners following the below modifications (with mark ups)will be eligible for a ‘Healthy Forest Certificate’.

[9-7-13: FUEL MODIFICATION AREA: These regulations are the minimum requirements. Property owners are encouraged to do more and go beyond these requirements. Scholastically, a “D” is a minimum passing grade.

A. General: The wildland fire risk in the village of Angel Fire requires establishment of a fuel modification area, the modification area shall extend at least thirty (30’) feet from structures.

1. Treatment: Fuels are all combustible materials within the wildland urban interface or intermix including, but not limited to vegetation and structures. Treatment includes limbing, lopping, pruning, cutting or raking.

2. Combustible Materials: Other combustible material shall be removed from the modification area or stored in a suitable area as approved by the fire department or village forester. Combustibles include, but not limited to woodpiles, brush piles, pine needle, grass mulching, tree debris and or other combustible type material.

3. Ladder Fuels – any type of fuel that can carry an open flame from the ground to a tree canopy including but not limited to low dead branches, tall grass, woody shrubs, or any combustible material leaning on or near the trunk of a tree.

4. Structures:

a. Existing Structures and dwellings may be subject to an inspection based on the community assessments of the Community Wildfire Protection Plan. The Fire Department or Village Forester will identify a specific thinning prescription to bring the existing vacant lot, unimproved lotexisting structure(s) and dwelling into compliance with this fuel modification section of the code.

b. New Structures authorized by building permit will be subject to this fuel modification section as part of the building permit to include all appropriate fuel modification zones on the lot associated with the building permit.

B. Fuel Modification Management Zones: Two zones are established to create defensible space and promote a healthy forest.

1. Zone 1 is the area nearest the home and other structures. This zone requires maximum hazard reduction. The width of Zone 1 extends a minimum distance of 30-45 omit feet outward from a structure, depending on the lot size, slope, aspect and thinning prescription. Most flammable vegetation is removed in this zone, with the exception of fire-resistant plants and aspen. Zone 1 distances are measured from the outside edge of the structure’s or dwelling’s eaves and any attached structure such as decks and constructed walkways. Any trees left in this zone shall constitute a new radial measuring point for Zone 1.omit last sentence

a. Specific treatments are as follows:

1. Remove all non-decomposing combustible materials and active slash*.

2. Remove all ladder fuels.

3. Prune / Limb trees ten (10’) feet above ground or twenty-five (25%) percent of tree height, whichever is less. This does not apply to ornamental** trees.

4. Prune trees five (5’) feet over eave from roof and within fifteen (15’) feet from chimney.

5. Remove all standing dead, and diseased trees including insect infestations that will kill a tree.

6. Minimum stem spacing between conifer trees shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation tree canopies. The same shall apply to clumps of trees, with a clump comprising a maximum of five conifer trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.revision below

6. Minimum stem spacing between conifer tree clumps shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation of tree canopies between clumps. A clump is comprised of a maximum of eight conifer trees. Minimum stem spacing does not apply to trees within a clump to permit small tree growth and sustainability of the trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.

7. Driveways longer than thirty five (35’) feet shall be thinned thirty (30’) feet on both sides the length of the driveway in accordance with Zone 1 treatment requirements to provide safe ingress / egress of emergency equipment.removedriveway reg

b. Specific maintenance is required:

1. Remove combustible materials from decks, roof, and gutters.

2. Storage of firewood and other combustible within forty five (45’)30feet of a structure is prohibited except during winter season.

3. Prevent accumulation of non-decomposing pine needles and leaves with periodical raking and disposal.

2. Zone 2. Zone 2 is measured from the edge of Zone 1 and extends to the property line.100′

Zone 2 is designed to improve the health of the forest
by reducing wildfire intensity, improve moisture infiltration, improve wildlife habitat and improve the health and growth rate of trees. All vacant
unimproved lots shall comply to Zone 2 provisionsthinning should not apply to unimproved lots

a. Specific treatments are as follows:

1. Minimum stem spacing between conifer trees shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation tree canopies. The same shall apply to clumps of trees, with a clump comprising a maximum of five conifer trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.revision below

1. Minimum stem spacing between conifer tree clumps shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation of tree canopies between clumps. A clump is comprised of a maximum of eight conifer trees. Minimum stem spacing does not apply to trees within a clump to permit small tree growth and sustainability of the trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.

b. Specific management recommendations include:

1. The healthiest forest is one that includes trees of multiple ages, sizes and species and where adequate growing room is maintained over time.If all small trees are removed, the forest will eventually die.

2. Snags, standing or fallen, one per acre can be retained to provide wildlife habitat, provided they have a minimum diameter of eight (8”) inches and provided they do not create a nuisance or a hazard to power lines or firefighters access.

3. For personal safety, pruning / limb trees eight (8’) up from the ground.

4. Raking of and picking up combustible materials should be expanded beyond Zone 1 on those portions of the lot that are downhill of all structures.

*Active slash – tree trimmings and other combustible materials that have recently been cut/gathered, but not removed from site.

**Ornamental Tree – deciduous trees that are less than 25 feet tall, having a defining feature such as flowers, unique foliage, notable bark, unusual branching or a combination of these features.]

Angel Fire Village – Dead Diseased and Down policy

Continue to Educate the Public on Fire Mitigation, Home Ignition Zone/Defensible Space, and encourage a Dead Diseased and Down Village policy. This same Dead Diseased and Down policy applies to all undeveloped lots, including those acquired in the future.

The below 9-7-13 Fuel Modification Feb 2014 Version (with mark ups) applies as Angel Fire Village Ordinance but to ‘New Construction’ only.

This policy is recommended to current residents, but the decision is made by the property owner. Property owners following the below modifications (with mark ups)will be eligible for a ‘Healthy Forest Certificate’.

9-7-13 Fuel Modification Feb 2014 Version – recommended changes

A.4. Change the word ‘vacant’ to ‘unimproved’

B.1. The width of Zone 1 extends a distance of 30 feet outward from a structure.

Most flammable vegetation is removed in this zone, with the exception of fire-resistant plants and aspen.

Omit last sentence: Any trees left in this zone shall constitute a new radial measuring point for Zone 1.

B.1.a.6. Minimum stem spacing between conifer tree clumps shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation of tree canopies between clumps. A clump is comprised of a maximum of eight conifer trees. Minimum stem spacing does not apply to trees within a clump to permit small tree growth and sustainability of the trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.

B.1.a.7. remove driveway regulation

B.1.b.2. Storage of firewood and other combustible within thirty (30’)feet of a structure is prohibited except during winter season.

B.2. Zone 2. Zone 2 is measured from the edge of Zone 1 and extends 100 feet.

Change the word ‘vacant’ to ‘unimproved’

Omit last sentence. ‘All unimproved lots shall comply to Zone 2 provisions.’

B.2.a.1. Minimum stem spacing between conifer tree clumps shall be 10’-15’ feet with a visible separation of tree canopies between clumps. A clump is comprised of a maximum of eight conifer trees. Minimum stem spacing does not apply to trees within a clump to permit small tree growth and sustainability of the trees. Unless otherwise required by a specific thinning prescription, aspen trees are exempt from this requirement.

B.2.b.1. (addition) If all small trees are removed, the forest will eventually die.

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